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Assam

The land dipped in myriad colors

Assam - Overview

Assam a beautiful and diverse state with an unbelievable range of cultures and landscapes. It is located in the northeast of India. Most of the people call it as a magic land while others call it as a green paradise. It divide it's borders in the North and East with the realm of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. The State of Assam is one of the most beautiful regions of India. Assam has a rich heritage of culture and civilization. There are so many Assam tourist spots to visit for.

Informarions & Fact

Capital :

Dispur, is the capital of Assam and the gateway to the north-eastern states. It is a dynamic city valued for its ancient Hindu temples. It extends at the edge of the enormous flowing, river-sea of the Brahmaputra. It is also the service center for the tea plantations and oil industry; the world’s largest tea auctions are held here.

Peoples :

The peoples of Assam is a wide racial intermix of Mongolian, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan origin. This state has the largest number of tribes within their diversity in tradition, dresses, culture and exotic way of life.

Languages :

The languages they speak are similar to Bengali, which is spoken in West Bengal and in Bangladesh.

Season :

Assam has four well defined seasons in a year. i.e,summer, monsoon, winter and spring which present Assam in different atmosphere.

October to April is considered to be the best time to visit Assam as these months present a mild and moderate climate with pleasant and sunny days and cool nights. Assam is never extremely cold or hot though during December and January. At the night time temperatures may fall to single digit numbers.

Area :

78,439 sq.km.

Population :

31.17 Crore (2012 Census).

Airports :

Guwahati, Jorhat, Tezpur, Dibrugarh, Silchar , Lakimpur.

Major tourist spots :

Brahmaputra River, Guwahati City, Majuli, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur City, Goalpara, Sualkuchi, Digboi , Sibsagar and Hajo.

Pilgrim Centres :

Guwahati, Hajo, Peacock Island, Sibsagar.

Museum : Guwahati :

Anthropological Museum – Guwahati University; Assam Forest Museum, Assam State Museum and Assam Government Cottage Industries Museum.

Travel to Assam tourist spots and you will find everything from stunning scenery and exceptional wildlife to vibrant cultures and soul inspiring places of pilgrimage.

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Places of Interest

Guwahati and its surroundings

Hugging the shores of the turbulent Brahmaputra, Guwahati is the gateway to the enchanting North Eastern India. The Light of the East, Pragjyotishpura, as it was known once upon a time, is said to have been a vast kingdom during the epic period of the Mahabharata. Today, Guwahati is the hub of the region and also its largest city.

Museum

Assam State Museum is 10 minutes walk from the Railway Station.
Opening hours: 10:00 - 17:00 hrs. during Summer 10:00 - 16:30 hrs. during Winter (Monday closed).

State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden

Situated 5 Kms. from the Guwahati Railway Station. Opening hours: 07:00 hrs. - 17:00 hrs. in Summer 08:00 hrs. - 16:30 hrs. in Winter (Friday closed).

Srimanta Sankardeva Kalakshetra

The Srimanta Sankardeva kalakshetra has been set up as a grand exposition of the life and culture of the people of Assam. Named after the greatest Vaishnava saint and the greatest integrator of the Assamese society Srimanta Sankardeva, the Kalakshetra is a multi-Arts complex.

It houses a Central Museum where cultural objects and day-to-day articles used by different ethnic groups will be preserved and exhibited, an Open Air Theatre with 2000 capacity to hold folk festivals and to present traditional dance and drama of the State, an Artists' Village which offers the visitors and the residents an atmosphere of the village of Assam, the Sahitya Bhavan which is a library of rare books and manuscripts, the Lalit-Kala Bhavan which has sufficient space for exhibition, art and sculpture workshops, and a Heritage Park. The Kalakshetra has been chosen as the venue for many cultural activities.

Other Attractions around Guwahati

Dighalipukhuri, a water body in the heart of the city with boating facilities, cruises on the river Brahmaputra in the 'Jolporee', the famous Balaji Temple of Tirupati,Planetarium, the Saraighat Bridge over the Brahmaputra, the Guwahati Oil Refinery, Lachit Barphukan Park and the Guwahati University are places worth visiting.

Chandubi Lake

A natural lagoon and fine picnic spot which is 64 kms. from Guwahati. The lake and its surroundings is an ideal holiday resort with the added attraction of fishing and rowing.

The place is easily accessible by bus from Guwahati.The best season to visit is from November to April.

Sualkuchi

Assam produces three unique varieties of silks, the Golden Muga, the White Pat and the warm Eri. Silks grown all over the state find their way to Sualkuchi, 32 kms from Guwahati.

Sualkuchi is one of the world's largest weaving villages often called the Manchester of the East. The entire population here is engaged in weaving exquisite silf fabrics. A renowned centre of silk production, particularly known for Muga - the golden silk of Assam which is not produced anywhere else in the world.

Hajo

Located 32 kms. from Guwahati on the north bank of the Brahmaputra, it is a place where three religions meet - Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism.

It has a large number of temples, the chief among them being Hayagriva-Madhab Temple. There is a belief that this temple contains the relic of Lord Buddha, while a section of the Buddhist hold that Lord Buddha attained nirvana here. Large number of Bhutanese visit this temple every year during the winter season.

There is a place of pilgrimage for Muslims here known as Poa-Mecca.

According to mythology, the Pandavas had taken shelter in this region during their agyatvas or the period in hiding. One can see the stone bowl used by Bhima during this agyatvas.

Majuli

Assam is famous for Majuli, the world's largest river island. Majuli situated in the midst of river Brahmaputra, is the centre of Vishnava culture. The total area of Majuli has been steadily decreasing due to strong erosion of the river Brahmaputra. The area of the island has reduced from 2,82,165 acres in 1853 to less than 886 sq. kms today.

There are over fifteen Vaishnava monasteries or satras on Majuli. The major satras are Kamalabari, Natun Kamalabari, Auniati, Garmur, Samoguri, Dakhinpat and Bengenaati. These satras are regarded as the main centres for Assamese art, music, dance, drama, handicrafts, literature and religion etc. Auniati is famous for its considerable collection of Assamese old utensils, jewellery and handicrafts.

Upper Majuli is inhabited by tribes like the Mising and the Deoris and is the centre of a living heritage of colourful costumes and festivals.

Plenty of migratory birds of great varieties are also seen here.

Sibsagar

Sibsagar is 369 kms. towards the east of Guwahati and is the headquarters of a district of the same name. It is also a leading tea and oil producing district. The Eastern Regional Headquarter of the Oil and Natural Gas Commission is located at Nazira, 18 kms. from Sibsagar. Modern Sibsagar is a fast developing town.

Sibsagar was the capital of the Ahoms who ruled Assam at a stretch for six hundreds years before the advent of the British. It is a beautiful town located around the huge Sibsagar tank, an artificial lake constructed by Queen Madambika in 1734 A.D. The Shiva dol or Shiva Temple on the bank of this tank is believed to be the highest Shiva temple in India.

Haflong

Up in the rugged terrains stands Assam's only hill station, Haflong, where one can see the rainbow down below. It is the district Headquarters of North Cachar Hills.

Hilly Assam is a land of sensuousness. A heaven to the senses where one touches the sweetest dream with one's fingers. The mountains float in the distant sky. The clouds descend and snugly lie below one's feet. A beautiful lake 'Haflong Lake' is located in the heart of the town.

Jatinga 9 kms. from Haflong, is famous for the unexplained phenomenon of migratory birds 'committing mass suicide'. The migratory birds come during the month of August to November and it becomes the Orinthologists attraction. From the elevated watch tower one can see them yielding to their death wish and their little plumage dropping down. Season to visit is from August to April.

Other attractions include exciting trekking in Borail Hills, watching the traditional dances of the Tribals and a visit to the Orchid Garden.

Digboi

Surrounded by numerous Tea Gardens and mystic blue hills, Digboi is a major oil town. A hundred year old Refinery and it's hundred and twelve year old oil field still exist here. The Digboi Refinery came into being in 1901 as the first refinery of Asia and as the second one in the world. Today, the oil field and refinery are the oldest continuing oil field and refinery in the world.

There is also a War Cemetry and Golf Course in Digboi.

Tezpur

Tezpur, known as Sonitpur (city of blood) of Puranic fame, is associated with the legend of princess Usha, the daughter of King Bana and prince Anirudha, the grandson of Lord Krishna for their eternal love and romance. The great mythological war believed to have been fought between Hari(Lord Krishna) and Hara (Lord Shiva) and as a result the whole city was said to have been drenched in blood, hence the name.

Situated on the north bank of the majestic river Brahmaputra, Tezpur town is of magnificient scenic beauty and exquisite archaeological ruins. It is the headquarters of Sonitpur district and is considered as one of the most beautiful towns of the state.

Undulated green valleys surrounded by the hills of Arunachal Pradesh, with snow capped peaks of the Himalayas as the northern backdrop, lush green tea gardens and magnificient archaeological ruins have all contributed to make Tezpur a tourist's delight. Her contribution to art, culture, literature particularly her contribution to the freedom struggle have earned for Tezpur a unique niche in the history of Assam.

In 1942, for the first time in entire British India, the tricolour (Indian flag) was hoisted in the police station at Gahpur, a quiet mofussil town under Sonitpur district. Fourteen year old Kanaklata braved British bullets and died holding the national flag aloft.

Attractions around Tezpur

The ruins of Bamuni hill is famous for its artistic beauty. The sculpture remains which dates back to the 9th and 10th century A.D. now lie in the Cole park and Missionary compound.

Thelarge tank preserves the name Harzara Varman in Tezpur. It was excavated in the early part of the 19th century. This is the third largest tank covering an area of 70 acres.

It is one of the most beautiful places in the town. The park which was first established by a British Deputy Commissioner, Mr Cole, is the place for peace loving people. Here one can see the two massive ornamental stone pillars and the sculptural remains of the famous Bamuni Hills.

Surrounded by mystic blue hills and evergreen forests, Bhalukpung is situated on the bank of the river Jia Bharali. It is only 64 kms. from Tezpur and is on the border of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. It is famous for its unique natural beauty, angling and rafting. Far from the madding crowd Bhalukpung is a place of peace and tranquility.It is only 56 kms from Tezpur town.

Other attractions of Bhalukpung are a hot spring and an Eco-Camp at Potasil.

This hilly town is the headquarters of the Karbi-Anglong district. Diphu is the centre of Karbi art and culture. The indigenous tribe of karbi Anglong, the Karbis, are well known for their hospitality and colourful culture.

A mammoth stone inscription made by the Ahom General Kalia Bhomora Phukan, who planned to construct a bridge over Brahmaputra is seen here. Almost two centuries later, a bridge over Brahmaputra at the same place has now been completed. The 3.05 km. bridge named after the great Ahom general, connecting Nagaon district with Tezpur was opened for vehicular traffic by the then Prime Minister of India Late Rajiv Gandhi on April 3, 1987.


Tourist Info

Assam a beautiful and diverse state with an unbelievable range of cultures and landscapes. It is located in the northeast of India. Most of the people call it as a magic land while others call it as a green paradise. It divide it’s borders in the North and East with the realm of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. The State of Assam is one of the most beautiful regions of India. Assam has a rich heritage of culture and civilization. There are so many Assam tourist spots to visit for.

Capital

Guwahati, is the capital of Assam and the gateway to the north-eastern states. It is a dynamic city valued for its ancient Hindu temples. It extends at the edge of the enormous flowing, river-sea of the Brahmaputra. It is also the service center for the tea plantations and oil industry; the world’s largest tea auctions are held here.

Peoples

The peoples of Assam is a wide racial intermix of Mongolian, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan origin. This state has the largest number of tribes within their diversity in tradition, dresses, culture and exotic way of life.

Languages

The languages they speak are similar to Bengali, which is spoken in West Bengal and in Bangladesh.

Season

Assam has four well defined seasons in a year. i.e,summer, monsoon, winter and spring which present Assam in different atmosphere.

October to April is considered to be the best time to visit Assam as these months present a mild and moderate climate with pleasant and sunny days and cool nights. Assam is never extremely cold or hot though during December and January. At the night time temperatures may fall to single digit numbers.

Area

78,439 sq.km.

Population

31.17 Crore (2012 Census).

Airports

Guwahati, Jorhat, Tezpur, Dibrugarh, Silchar, Lakimpur.

Major tourist spots

Brahmaputra River, Guwahati City, Majuli, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur City, Goalpara, Sualkuchi, Digboi , Sibsagar and Hajo.

Pilgrim Centres

Guwahati, Hajo, Peacock Island, Sibsagar.

Museum

Guwahati : Anthropological Museum – Guwahati University; Assam Forest Museum, Assam State Museum and Assam Government Cottage Industries Museum.

Travel to Assam tourist spots and you will find everything from stunning scenery and exceptional wildlife to vibrant cultures and soul inspiring places of pilgrimage

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