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The Andaman & Nicobar Islands is a union territory of India. This territory is known as A & N Islands, or ANI. It is located in the Indian Ocean, in the southern reaches of the Bay of Bengal, nearer to Indonesia and Thailand. This comprises of two island groups - the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands - which separate the Andaman Sea to the east from the Indian Ocean. These two groups are separated by the 10° N parallel, the Andamans lying to the north of this latitude, and the Nicobars to the south. The capital of this territory is the Andamanese town of Port Blair.There are 572 islands in the territory, of which only some 38 are permanently inhabited. Most of the islands (about 550) are in the Andamans group, 26 of which are inhabited. The smaller Nicobars comprise some 22 main islands (10 inhabited). The Andamans and Nicobars are separated by a channel (the Ten Degree Channel) some 150 km wide.The territory's population as per the most recent (2001) Census of India was 356,152. Added together, the total land area of the territory is approximately 8,249 km².The total area of the Andaman Islands is some 6,408 km; that of the Nicobar Islands approximately 1,841 km.
The major languages spoken in the Andamans in numerical order are Bengali, Hindi, Tamil, Nicobarese and Telugu. Other languages include Malayalam and English.
The Cellular jail situated in Port Blair, Andaman Islands is closely associated with the freedom struggle of India. The Cellular jail, built in 1896 was used by the British to transport Indian freedom fighters from the Indian mainland. Thousands of freedom fighters languished for years in solitary confinement in the cells of the Cellular Jail. Today, the Cellular Jail is declared as the National Memorial, a tribute to those who dared to raise their voices against the British rule. Some of the famous inmates of the Cellular jail were Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Dr. Diwan Singh Kalepani, Yogendra Shukla, Bhai Parmanand, and Maulana Ahmadullah.
The saga of the heroic freedom struggle is brought alive in a moving Sound & Light show at the Cellular Jail. The show is conducted every evening in the premises of Cellular jail which gives us a brief idea about the happenings in the jail prior to Independence in 1947.
Andaman Water Sports Complex offers all kinds of water sports facilities: Sail boats, para sailing, water scooters, rowing boats, kayaks, paddle boats, water skiing facilities etc.,. Boating from this complex up to the Ross Island is really an exciting experience. There is also a Sea water swimming pool and a change room. There is an artificial waterfall as well, which is a great attraction among the visitors. A children park nearby is a place for children to enjoy the serene environment. There is also a Memorial for the Battle of Aberdeen fought between Britishers and Andamanese aboriginals in 1859.
Gandhi Park is a blend of natural brilliance, artificial creations and historical monuments. Gandhi Park has artificially but well maintained gardens, restaurants and a lake.
Gandhi Park has facilities like Children's park, amusement park, water sports, nature trail, lake, garden, restaurant etc.
Gandhi Park has Deer and Bird park. The Deer Park hosts a wide variety of deers – spotted deer, hog deer, barking deer, Sambar to name a few. The Bird park is made colourful by birds like long-tailed and red-breasted parakeets, grey-fronted and imperial green pigeons, vernal hanging parrot, etc.
Gandhi Park has immense historical significance as it has a Japanese temple and a bunker, both built by the Japanese during the second World War.
The Forest Museum located at Haddo offers an insight into forest activities in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands through models. The Forest Museum also displays the artifacts made out of timber including Peauma, Oak, Gurjan, padauk and Satin Wood. The Forest Museum is run by the Forest Department of Andaman and NicobarIslands.
Mini Zoo is a small Zoological park situated at Haddo in Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Zoo is famous for its Crocodile breeding farm. The Zoo has about 200 species of birds and animals.
Samudrika Museum is run by the Indian Navy. The Museum has 5 sections: history of the islands, their geography, people, marine life and archaeology. The Museum also houses an impressive display of coral and shells, and a large relief map of topography in Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
The Anthropological Museum, in Port Blair, was set up in the year 1975. The Anthropological Museum displays tribal essentials and artifacts such as boats, weapons, baskets, clothing, photographs, models and records of exploratory expeditions undertaken over the years. The in-house library provides invaluable reference to the indigenous Tribal culture of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Located on the seashore facing the Ross Island is the Marina park. The Marina Park offers rides for children and adults: giant wheels, paratrooper and dragon coaster and toy train. Other attractions include a miniature botanical garden, a statue of Netaji Subash chandra Bose & Children's traffic park.
The Corbyn's Cove, is a serene and unspoiled soft sandy beach, set in picturesque background of lush green coconut palms and pleasant blue sea. The main attractions of this beach are the inviting water sports activities like surfing, scuba diving and boating. The Corbyn's Cove beach, situated 8 kms from the City centre is the closest Beach from the city. This coconut- palm fringed beach, is ideal for swimming, surfing and sun bathing.
The Waves Restaurant, The Peerless Sarovar Portico Resort and the Hornbill Nest Guest House are at a stone's throw, from the beach front. In fact, Peerless Sarovar Portico is the only beach resort inside the city.
The Fisheries Museum houses more than 300 marine species of marine life, including live coral, sharks, polyps and Starfish. These marine species, peculiar to the Andaman & Nicobar Islands is found only in the Indo-Pacific and the Bay of Bengal.
Chatham Saw Mill, once Asia's largest Saw Mill is located in Chatham Island & is connected to Port Blair by a Sea bridge. Since the Supreme Court of India banned logging in Andaman & Nicobar Islands, most of the wood now comes by ship from Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand. Chatham Saw Mill converts huge Logs into different sizes of timber. It also processes ornamental species which is used in the manufacture of furniture and handicraft.
Mount Harriet was once the summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during the British Raj. Mount Harriet, the highest point in Port Blair is an ideal place for a Picnic or a Trek. Mount Harriet is about 55 km from Port Blair by road (15 km by ferry and road), & has a Forest Guest House located at a height of 365 m.
Viper Island is located near Port Blair. Infamous for convicts who were jailed here, the gallows atop its hillocks was where criminals and revolutionaries were housed before the commissioning of the Cellular Jail. The ruins of the discarded jail, built by British in 1867, can be still seen in this Island. Viper Island is accessible by harbour cruise originating from Phoenix Bay Jetty in Port Blair.
The Ross Island is a 20-minute boat ride from Aberdeen Jetty in Port Blair. Ross Island, the capital of Andaman & Nicobar Islands during the British Raj days, now stands guard to the Port Blair harbour. There are historical ruins along the beach and a beautiful tropical forest. Important ruins include a church, swimming pool and the Chief Commissioner's residence. A small museum of the Indian Navy, called Samudrika, has a good collection of old records that depicts the history of the Ross Island.
TheMahatma Gandhi Marine National Park near Wandoor is rich in corals, varieties of coloured fishes, sea turtles etc., besides other marine life. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is a bird's paradise having more than 271 varieties of birds including, 39 that are endemic. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is located 29 kms from Port Blair. You have to get a permit from the Wildlife Warden's office near the Wandoor Jetty to visit the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park.
Located at the southern most tip of South Andamans, 30 kms from Port Blair, Chidiyatapu is a lush mangrove forest with large number of birds. The Munda Pahar beach is an ideal picnic spot. The forest guesthouse at Chidiyatapu provides a fabulous view of the isolated islands & breath-taking sunset.
The Cinque Island is located 54 kms from Port Blair (2 hours by boat from Chidiyatapu). Cinque Island is one of the best diving destination in Andaman & Nicobar Islands & has clear water with visibility levels of up to 80 feet. It is the best place to view a large variety of marine life and black corals. No body is allowed to stay overnight in Cinque Island.
Some 2.5 hours (54 kms) away from Port Blair, Havelock offers the best diving and snorkelling sites & unspoiled sandy beaches. People can reach Havelock Island through ship and regular ship service run between Port Blair and Havelock. At Havelock Island, you can visit beaches of Radhanagar and Elephant beach. On Elephant beach, people can even watch training of elephants and elephants swimming in sea. People can also explore other adventures activities like scuba diving, snorkeling and sight seeing etc.
MV Makruzz, a luxury catamaran, ply daily between Port Blair and Havelock Island. The vessel with its luxurious interiors and inboard food Kiosk has a maximum cruising speed of 31.5 nautical miles, covering thedistance between Port Blair and Havelock in an estimated time of 90 minutes. The vessel is fitted with approved lifejackets and life rafts in line with class and high speed craft code passenger safety requirements.
Scuba diving is probably the biggest activity on Havelock island other than lying around and eating seafood.
Baratang Island is about 90 km away from Port Blair. At Baratang you can see Mud Volcano which is about 4 km away from the boat jetty. Limestone Caves are located about 50 minutes (by sea) away from Baratang boat jetty. The experience at Parrot Island at sunset, when all the parrots are returning home is indeed a mesmerizing experience.
A marvelous Island with plenty of marine life, Neil Island is an ideal location for eco-tourism. Neil Island is also known as the vegetable bowl of Andamans. The sandy beaches at Sitapur, Bharatpur and Lakshmanpur are very attractive for spending the evenings. The breathtaking view of sea and the lusting greeneries in the island is really rejuvenating and enjoyable for enthusiastic travelers. Neil Island is connected by regular Boat service from Port Blair. Neil Island is also famous for snorkeling. Another famous activity carried out at the Neil Islands is fishing and angling.
Long Island is 82 kms. from Port Blair. Long Island is connected by boat from Port Blair, either directly or "island hopping" via Neil Island and Havelock. Long Island offers an excellent sandy beach at Lalaji Bay with unpolluted environment and evergreen forests. Lalaji bay Beach is 6 kms. away from the boat jetty of Long Island. Long Island is approximately 10km from North to South, 5km from East to West, much of it forested. You can also visit nearby uninhabited islands from Long Island. There are no motor cars on the island, and no roads: free of traffic or crime, the island is a perfect destination for families. Generally, people walk or use bicycles.
|Bay of Bengal|
|Longitude||920 to 940 East|
|Latitude||60 to 140 North|
|Altitude (Highest Point)|
|Andaman Islands (North)|
|Saddle Peak||732 Meters|
|Andaman Islands (South)|
|Mount Harriet||365 Meters|
|Total Area||8249 Sq.km|
|Andaman District||6408 Sq.km|
|Nicobar District||1841 Sq.km|
|URBAN AREA||16.64 Sq.km|
|RURAL AREA||8232.36 Sq.km|
|Distance by Sea (In Kms.)|
|Between Port Blair & Chennai||1190 Kms.|
|Between Port Blair & Calcutta||1255 Kms.|
|Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam||1200 Kms.|
|Distance by Air Kms.|
|Between Calcutta & Port Blair||1303 Kms.|
|Between Chennai & Port Blair||1330 Kms.|
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